About the characteristics of wells in Central Asia
Before traveling to the deserts of Central Asia experienced people definitely questioned the local population about the locations of wells in them. Good thing, given that they are sent in a waterless land. Precisely in shallow, because of the absolute lack of water is nowhere.
In the Karakum and Kyzylkum, there are about 20 thousand wells, built in pre-revolutionary time or in the first years of Soviet power. Almost all of them marked on modern maps for tourists. Before you travel, but still it is better to ask locals about the existence of wells in the desert, and those who are not on the map, to make himself. Will come in handy.
The thoughtful reader, after reading the first line, reasonable notice: “the Wells of old, many of them crumbled or dried out”. Yes, it is, therefore, the choice of route to the water source must consider this risk and choose a path that passes close to several of the wells located close succession to each other, and a single to avoid. Such “oases” in deserts of the Central Asian enough.
According to experts, the most reliable wells artesian wells are considered. In the Kyzylkum desert has a few these – protruding from the sand pipe two feet in diameter. They are constantly with water.
There are also groundwater wells punched in sandy or rocky soil. If they choose to secure, better than the last. Hammadi – so-called – built in limestone, and therefore able to last longer without maintenance and repair. Their walls don’t crumble, unlike the “sandy” wells.
Now let’s imagine for a moment that the water you’re out in the desert, but fortunately you have stumbled upon a valid ground well. But… smile Portnoy in this situation you would think an animal grin. How to get the water going? Many old wells have a depth of 100 m or more (the deepest known pit in the Karakum reaches 270 m!). Moreover, they rarely have the means of lifting water — elemental “lever-crane” and some do not.
It turns out a stalemate, and with it appears an unattractive dilemma: die of thirst, blissfully looking at the water, or jump down and, again, to be lost, floundering in life-giving water?
Of course, if there is enough rope and a no bucket or, at worst, tin or their shoes, the question is no longer relevant. But let’s say there is no rope. In this situation it is necessary to carefully reconsider what you have. Suitable for medical bandage, twisted like a tourniquet. If you travel in a group — down all the laces out of my shoes and tie me a rope out of them. Not enough? Tear into thin strips clothes and any other fabrics. Some use even coming to the surface of the root shoots of desert plants. In General, be smart – all funds will be good.
As water containers, in addition to the above, you can also use a rubber or plastic bag, oilcloth bag, hat. If you use waterproof bag, we pre-expand it using coiled into a ring and tie the branches to it a stone or a nut, and then, God forbid, goes into the water.
And finally: do not forget that extracted with such force the water first to be cleared. The wells are open to all winds, so they can swim in anything, until the corpses of the drowned rodents. You don’t want escaped from thirst, dying from infection?