Japanese women at work
Life and social status of women in Japan from ancient times was regulated by steadfast traditions and unwritten laws: the education and training of women was directed entirely at her family’s destiny. From an early age Japanese girls were taught about the sacrifice and selfless service to father, husband, son. Despite what happened in the 20th century a radical change, this philosophy is still very strong in modern Japan. This is evident not only in the tradition, according to which, married, many women stop their career, devoting herself to family and children. Unlike Western culture, in Japan it is considered normal, when at the reception the role of the wife is to just serve the guests or when the husband is sent to spend the evening in the noisy company without wives (in olden days such women, it was popular to spend time in the company of a geisha ). Many men prefer not to dedicate wives in their performance case and not to discuss serious issues from the belief that the wife — the kitchen and the children. However, these attitudes and habits more and more a thing of the past and become the remnants of ancient traditions. As changing Japanese society, Japanese women are more and more gaining themselves a place in the sun. Over the last decade has seen a massive influx of women into the labour market that was associated with a sharp reduction of the workforce, and falling fertility rates. In our time, women make up about 40% of the working population of the country.
Significant changes in the status of women in society require an appropriate legislative steps. So, in the Japanese Parliament repeatedly raised the question about necessity of revision of the provisions of the Civil code, according to which for marriage the spouses have the right to choose for themselves only one common family name (if the wife leaves her maiden name, the marriage is not formally recognized), and specify in writing who is the head of the family. Of course, most women are compelled to adopt her husband’s name and accept his headship in the family. However, in recent years this act was to cause resentment on the part of the female population in Japan has sharply increased the number of people living in a civil marriage. The growing prominence of Japanese women is expressed not only in that they increasingly devote themselves to employment and career advancement.
Their influence on society is so great that the study of their tastes, lifestyle and interests began to pay great attention to manufacturers of consumer goods and the companies of sphere of service: many hotels and resort establishments seek to work with focus primarily on the needs of female customers. A characteristic feature of recent years has been the creation of a dedicated women only spaces in public places, in transport, etc. So, in the House of representatives of the Japanese Parliament appeared specially-equipped women’s rest room; some of the individual blocks is removed, an entire floor with rooms for women only. In Osaka administration Department «Daimaru» took for women part of the floor area of 400 m, where Barber, nail salon, etc. establishments, entry to which male visitors are forbidden. Very popular «female cars» on some lines of commuter trains in Tokyo and «feminine buses» company Keihin, operating between Tokyo’s Shinagawa district and Hirosaki: in them women feel comfortable and safe.
All of these innovations have recently become, in turn, cause irritation of the representatives of the stronger sex who are offended that they indiscriminately consider as potential hooligans, rapists, etc. and called all this is pure discrimination. Although, many Japanese men did not use «female cars » time of earthquake.